Copolymer-based progressive addition lens with graded index designed for astigmatism and distortion correction

Yuki Shitanoki, Akihiro Tagaya, Yasuhiro Koike

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this research, we propose to reduce astigmatism and distortion in a progressive addition lens (PAL) by employing a polymer-based graded-index (GRIN) material. We adopted the diffusion copolymerization method for the GRIN-PAL fabrication. The GRIN material was prepared by partial diffusion of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl methacrylate (3FMA) monomers into the cross-linked benzyl methacrylate polymer gel. GRIN-PAL was prepared by polymerization of the GRIN material in a mold of commercially available PAL. As a result, methods to control Δn, the diffusion length, and the order of the GRIN profile in polymeric GRIN materials were demonstrated. In a combination of the PBzMA gel and the MMA/3FMA diffusion monomer, 50/50 in volume provides the highest Δn. The diffusion period mainly affects the diffusion length. These two parameters consequently determine the order of the GRIN profile and the focusing power that the GRIN provides. The difference in the ease of diffusion caused by the difference in the cross-linking density provides a method for positional control of the GRIN profile. Furthermore, GRIN-PAL using a polymeric material was successfully fabricated. Improvement in astigmatism and distortion was demonstrated using GRIN. Therefore, the GRIN material is suggested to be applicable for the further modification of the PAL with low astigmatism and distortion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-912
Number of pages6
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr 29


  • aberration
  • astigmatism
  • distortion
  • graded index
  • presbyopia
  • progressive addition lens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)


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