NF2-related schwannomatosis (NF2) is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder caused by variants in the NF2 gene. Approximately 50% of NF2 patients inherit pathogenic variants, and the remainder acquire de novo variants. NF2 is characterized by development of bilateral vestibular schwannomas. The genetic background of Japanese NF2 cases has not been fully investigated, and the present report performed a genetic analysis of 14 Japanese NF2 cases and examined genotype–phenotype correlations. DNA samples collected from peripheral blood were analyzed by next-generation sequencing, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification analysis, and in vitro electrophoresis. Ten cases had pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants in the NF2 gene, with seven truncating variants and three non-truncating variants. The age of onset in all seven cases with truncating variants was < 20 years. The age of onset significantly differed among cases with truncating NF2 variants, non-truncating NF2 variants, and no NF2 variants. However, the clinical course of tumor growth and hearing deterioration were not predicted only by germline pathogenic NF2 variants. The rate of truncating variants was higher in the present study than that of previous reports. Genotype–phenotype correlations in the age of onset were present in the analyzed Japanese NF2 cases.
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