Correlation between static limb alignment and peak knee adduction angle during gait is affected by subject pain in medial knee osteoarthritis

Kanako Kudo, Takeo Nagura, Kengo Harato, Shu Kobayashi, Yasuo Niki, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Although increases in knee adduction moment (KAM) and angle (KAA) during gait are considered key pathologies that produce mechanical overload in the medial compartment of knee osteoarthritis (OA), it is unclear how these pathologies are related to subjective pain. The purpose of this study was to examine how subjective pain is related to such pathologies. Methods: Gait analysis was performed in 31 participants with medial knee OA. The knees were classified into three groups based on Kellgren–Lawrence (KL) grade: early (0 and 1), moderate (2), and severe (3 and 4). Subjective pain was evaluated by the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) osteoarthritis index pain score. The knees were classified into low- and high-pain groups based on the pain score. Results: The WOMAC pain score did not correlate with either peak KAM or peak KAA. Although a positive correlation between static limb alignment and peak KAA was observed in the low-pain group, it was not observed in the high-pain group. Knee flexion angle at heel strike correlated negatively with the gap between static femorotibial angle and peak KAA in the high-pain group. Conclusions: Although a direct correlation between subjective pain and peak KAM or KAA was not observed, our results suggest a compensatory movement in the high-pain group of participants to reduce KAA increases in the early stance phase. Such movements would be one of the reasons why it is difficult to obtain a consistent relationship between subjective pain and load-related parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)348-355
Number of pages8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar


  • Gait analysis
  • Knee adduction angle
  • Knee adduction moment
  • Knee osteoarthritis
  • Subjective pain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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