Cullin 3 regulates ADAMs-mediated ectodomain shedding of amphiregulin

Hironao Nakayama, Tomohisa Sakaue, Masashi Maekawa, Ayako Fujisaki, Shigeki Higashiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) family are crucial enzymes for ectodomain shedding of multiple substrates and are involved in diverse biologic and pathologic processes. However, the molecular mechanism underlying substrate selectivity of ADAMs is poorly understood. In this study, we observed that disruption of actin polymerization by pharmacological inhibitors, latrunculin A (LatA) and cytochalasin D (CyD), induced ectodomain shedding of epidermal growth factor (EGF) family ligands. Induced shedding activity by LatA or CyD was suppressed by a metalloprotease inhibitor KB-R7785, indicating that ADAMs-mediated shedding is tightly controlled by actin cytoskeleton. We also investigated roles of cullin family, a component of cullin-RING based E3 ubiquitin ligases, in ectodomain shedding, since cullin family is implicated in the regulation of cytoskeletal dynamics. Knockdown of cullin 3 (Cul3) by a specific siRNA inhibited ectodomain shedding of amphiregulin (AREG), a member of EGF family, and responses were associated with activation of RhoA GTPase and induction of stress fiber formation. On the other hand, the RhoA inhibitor C3 transferase rescued AREG shedding reduced by Cul3 knockdown. These results describe a novel molecular mechanism of Cul3 to regulate AREG shedding by modulating cytoskeletal dynamics in a RhoA dependent manner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-23
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume499
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Apr 30
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Actin
  • Amphiregulin
  • Cullin 3
  • Ectodomain shedding
  • RhoA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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