Decomposing instantons in two dimensions

Muneto Nitta, Walter Vinci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


We study the Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfeld (BPS) vortices in the (1+1)- dimensional N = (2, 2) supersymmetric U(1) gauged double strok C Sign P 1 nonlinear sigma model.We use the moduli matrix approach to analytically construct the moduli space of solutions and solve numerically the BPS equations. We identify two topologically inequivalent types of magnetic vortices, which we call S and N vortices. Moreover, we discuss their relation to instantons (lumps) present in the ungauged case. In particular, we describe how a lump is split into a couple of component S-N vortices after gauging. We extend this analysis to the case of the extended Abelian Higgs model with two flavors, which is known to admit semi-local vortices. After gauging the relative phase between fields, semi-local vortices are also split into component vortices. We discuss interesting applications of this simple set-up. Firstly, the gauging of nonlinear sigma models reveals a semiclassical 'partonic' nature of instantons in 1+1 dimensions. Secondly, weak gauging provides for a new interesting regularization of the metric of semi-local vortices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number175401
JournalJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2012 May 4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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