Decreased Acetylation of Histone H3 in Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Potential Target of Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors

Kent Kanao, Shuji Mikami, Ryuichi Mizuno, Toshiaki Shinojima, Masaru Murai, Mototsugu Oya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Recent studies suggest that alterations in chromatin structure by histone acetylation may have an important role in the neoplastic process. We evaluated histone H3 acetylation in renal cell carcinoma and the effects of a histone deacetylase inhibitor on renal cancer cell lines. Materials and Methods: The expression of acetylated histone H3 (Lys9) in renal cell carcinoma and corresponding nonneoplastic tissue specimens was evaluated. We next assessed immunohistologically the relationships between acetylated histone H3 expression and clinicopathological parameters in 44 cases of renal cell carcinoma. Furthermore, we evaluated the effects of the histone deacetylase inhibitor depsipeptide on the renal cancer cell lines Caki-1, ACHN, 769P and 786O (ATCC®). Results: Acetylated histone H3 expression was decreased in 85.0% of renal cell carcinomas compared to levels in nonneoplastic tissue. Decreased expression was related to high nuclear tumor grade and advanced pathological tumor stage (p = 0.048 and 0.032, respectively). Depsipeptide inhibited cell line proliferation in a time and dose dependent manner. Depsipeptide induced apoptosis in Caki-1, ACHN and 786O, and induced G2 cell cycle arrest in 769P. Concomitantly depsipeptide increased acetylated histone H3 and p21WAF/CIP1 expression, and induced Bcl-2 phosphorylation. Conclusions: These results suggest that the decreased acetylation of histone H3 is a common alteration in a malignant phenotype of renal cell carcinoma. Increasing the amount of acetylated histone H3 might be a therapeutic option for renal cell carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1131-1136
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Sept 1


  • acetylation
  • carcinoma
  • gene expression
  • histones
  • kidney
  • renal cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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