Development and Application of SONIC Divertor Simulation Code to Power Exhaust Design of Japanese DEMO Divertor

Joint Special Design Team for Fusion DEMO

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


An integrated divertor simulation code, SONIC, An integrated divertor simulation code, SONIC, has been developed in order to predict a self-consistent transport solution of the plasma, neutral and impurities in the scrape-off layer (SOL) and divertor. SONIC code has contributed to determining the divertor design and power handling scenarios for the Japanese (JA) fusion demonstration (DEMO) reactor. Radiative cooling scenario of Ar impurity seeding and the divertor performance have been demonstrated to evaluate the power exhaust scenarios with . The simulation identified the decay length of the total parallel heat flux profile as being broader than the electron one, because of the ion convective transport from the outer divertor to the upstream SOL, produced by the plasma flow reversal. The flow reversal also reduced the impurity retention in the outer divertor, which may produce the partial detachment. Divertor operation margin of key power exhaust parameters to satisfy the peak was determined in the low of under severe conditions such as reducing radiation loss fraction, i.e., and diffusion coefficients and . The divertor geometry and reference parameters rad) were consistent with the low operation of the JA DEMO concepts. For either severe assumption of or and to their half values, higher operation was required. In addition, recent investigations of physics models (temperature-gradient force on impurity, photon transport, neutral-neutral collision) under the DEMO relevant SOL and divertor condition are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number872
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May


  • DEMO
  • Monte Carlo
  • detachment
  • divertor
  • impurity seeding
  • nuclear fusion
  • plasma physics
  • scrape-off layer (SOL)
  • simulation
  • tokamaks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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