Development of a cardiovascular disease risk prediction model using the suita study, a population-based prospective cohort study in Japan

Michikazu Nakai, Makoto Watanabe, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Kunihiro Nishimura, Aya Higashiyama, Misa Takegami, Yoko M. Nakao, Tomonori Okamura, Yoshihiro Miyamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: To construct a risk prediction model for cardiovascular disease (CVD) based on the Suita study, an urban Japanese cohort study, and compare its accuracy against the Framingham CVD risk score (FRS) model. Methods: After excluding participants with missing data or those who lost to follow-up, this study consisted of 3,080 men and 3,470 women participants aged 30–79 years without CVD at baseline in 1989–1999. The main outcome of this study was incidence of CVD, defined as the incidence of stroke or coronary heart disease. Multi-variable Cox proportional hazards models with stepwise selection were used to develop the prediction model. To assess model performance, concordance statistics (C-statistics) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were cal-culated using a bootstrap procedure. A calibration test was also conducted. Results: During a median follow-up period of 16.9 years, 351 men and 241 women developed CVD. We for-mulated risk models with and without electrocardiogram (ECG) data that included age, sex, systolic blood pres-sure, diastolic blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and urinary protein as risk factors. The C-statistics of the Suita CVD risk models with ECG data (0.782; 95% CI, 0.766–0.799) and without ECG data (0.781; 95% CI, 0.765–0.797) were significantly higher than that of the FRS model (0.768; 95% CI, 0.750–0.785). Conclusions: The Suita CVD risk model is feasible to use and improves predictability of the incidence of CVD relative to the FRS model in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1160-1175
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Cohort studies
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Risk score model
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Biochemistry, medical


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