Development of a drilling simulator for dental implant surgery

Hideaki Kinoshita, Masahiro Nagahata, Naoki Takano, Shinji Takemoto, Satoru Matsunaga, Shinichi Abe, Masao Yoshinari, Eiji Kawada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a dental implant surgery simulator that allows learners to experience the drilling forces necessary to perform an osteotomy in the posterior mandibular bone. The simulator contains a force-sensing device that receives input and counteracts this force, which is felt as resistance by the user. The device consists of an actuator, a load cell, and a control unit. A mandibular bone model was fabricated in which the predicted forces necessary to drill the cortical and trabecular bone were determined via micro CT image-based 3D finite element analysis. The simulator was evaluated by five dentists from the Department of Implantology at Tokyo Dental College. The ability of the evaluators to distinguish the drilling resistance through different regions of the mandibular bone was investigated. Of the five dentists, four sensed the change in resistance when the drill perforated the upper cortical bone. All five dentists were able to detect when the drill made contact with lingual cortical bone and when the lingual bone was perforated. This project successfully developed a dental implant surgery simulator that allows users to experience the forces necessary to drill through types of bone encountered during osteotomy. Furthermore, the researchers were able to build a device by which excessive drilling simulates a situation in which the lingual cortical bone is perforated-A situation that could lead to negative repercussions in a clinical setting. The simulator was found to be useful to train users to recognize the differences in resistance when drilling through the mandibular bone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-90
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dental Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1


  • Computer simulation
  • Dental education
  • Dental implants
  • Dental simulator
  • Educational research
  • Implant dentistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Dentistry(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Development of a drilling simulator for dental implant surgery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this