Development of a fully flexible sheet-type tactile display based on electrovibration stimulus

Hiroki Ishizuka, Ryuhei Hatada, Carlos Cortes, Norihisa Miki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Tactile displays have been extensively studied for several decades. However, owing to their bulkiness and stiffness, it has been difficult to integrate these displays with information devices to enable tactile communication between the devices and their users. This paper proposes a novel sheet-type electrovibration tactile display that consists of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate conductive layers and an insulation layer of polydimethylsiloxane. The tactile display is sufficiently thin and flexible for attaching onto various surfaces. In this study, the tactile display was micro-fabricated and characterized through experiments. The experimental results indicated that the tactile display exhibited good durability under bending and that it could present various tactile sensations depending on the type of voltage waveform. In addition, the effect of using a combination of electrovibration and thermal stimuli was also demonstrated. The sheet-type display was attached onto a Peltier element; the thinness of the structure enabled the display to conform to the element and ensure good heat transfer. In the experiment, subjects were asked to scan the display with their fingertips. The results showed that multiple tactile stimuli were also successfully perceived by the subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number230
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 11


  • Electrovibration stimulus
  • Flexible device
  • Multiple stimulus
  • Tactile displays
  • Thermal stimulus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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