Development of a 3He-hydraulic actuator for spin pump in superfluid 3He-A1

A. Yamaguchi, M. Wada, H. Tanaka, G. Motoyama, A. Sumiyama, Y. Aoki, Y. Okuda, S. Murakawa, Y. Karaki, M. Kubota, H. Kojima

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The superfluid 3He A1 phase contains a spin-polarized condensate. This property allows novel superfluid spin current experiments. In the mechano-spin effect of the A1 phase a mechanically applied pressure gradient and a superleak-spin filter enable to directly boost spin polarization of 3He in a small chamber. Using a flexible membrane as an electrostatically actuated pump, we carried out such experiments and observed 50% enhancement of spin density. Here we report on a new 3He- hydraulic actuator for achieving greater enhancement of spin density. The actuator consists of two liquid 3He chambers located at a 4.2 K plate and in the interior of the cell. The pressure in the 4.2 K chamber is heater-controlled and it transmits a force onto a membrane in the cell. The motion of the membrane induces spin-polarized current into an accumulation chamber.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012081
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue numberPART 1
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event26th International Conference on Low Temperature Physics, LT 2011 - Beijing, China
Duration: 2011 Aug 102011 Aug 17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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