Difference in the hypoxic immunosuppressive microenvironment of patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 schwannomas and sporadic schwannomas

Ryota Tamura, Yukina Morimoto, Mizuto Sato, Yuki Kuranari, Yumiko Oishi, Kenzo Kosugi, Kazunari Yoshida, Masahiro Toda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) patients uniformly develop multiple schwannomas. The tumor-microenvironment (TME) is associated with hypoxia and consists of immunosuppressive cells, including regulatory T cells (Tregs) and tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). The hypoxic TME of NF2 schwannomas remains unclear. In addition, no comparative study has investigated immunosuppressive cells in NF2 and sporadic schwannomas. Methods: In 22 NF2 and 21 sporadic schwannomas, we analyzed the immunohistochemistry for Ki-67, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1) and VEGFR2, platelet derived growth factor receptor-beta (PDGFR-β), programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/ programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1), Foxp3, CD163, CD3, and CD8 to assess the immunosuppressive TME. Results: Most vessels in sporadic schwannomas exhibited slight or negative VEGFR1 and 2 expressions with pericytes coverage. In contrast, large vessels in NF2 schwannomas exhibited strong VEGFR1 and 2 expressions without pericytes. The number of CD3+, CD8+, and CD163+ cells was significantly higher in NF2 schwannomas than in sporadic ones. The expression of PD-L1 and nestin positive cell ratio was higher in NF2 schwannomas than that in sporadic ones. The number of CD163+ cells, nestin positive cell ratio, and HIF-1α expression were significantly associated with shorter progression-free survival in NF2 schwannomas. Conclusions: This study presents the clinicopathological features of the differences in immunosuppressive cells and the expression of immune checkpoint molecules between NF2 and sporadic schwannomas. Hypoxic TME was first detected in NF2-schwannomas, which was associated with the tumor progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-273
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuro-Oncology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 1


  • Hypoxia
  • NF2
  • PD-1
  • PD-L1
  • Schwannoma
  • Treg: TAM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research


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