Differences in activation patterns of the hamstring muscles during sprinting

Ayako Higashihara, Takashi Ono, Toru Fukubayashi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this chapter, we evaluate the functional characteristics of the hamstring muscles during sprinting. During near maximal sprinting speed, the respective hamstring muscles exhibited very different characteristics of electromyographic (EMG) activation within the sprinting gait cycle. The activation demand of the BFlh muscles is high before and after foot contact due to their function as hip extensors, while the ST muscle shows high activation primarily during the control of knee extension and hip flexion in the mid-swing phase. The mechanism underlying these activation characteristics may involve architectural differences between the hamstring muscles, which likely reflect each muscle’s function during sprinting. A complex neuromuscular coordination pattern of the hamstring muscles during sprinting is accomplished by the utilisation and activation of each muscle’s specific functional differences.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSports Injuries and Prevention
PublisherSpringer Japan
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9784431553182
ISBN (Print)9784431553175
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Biceps femoris
  • Electromyography
  • Semitendinosus
  • Sprinting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine
  • General Engineering
  • General Social Sciences


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