Our aim was to investigate the variability in physician recognition of atrial fibrillation (AF)-related symptoms, which greatly contributes to the management of AF patients. Methods and Results: A total of 1493 newly-referredAF patients (67 ± 11 y/o, 1057 men) consecutively registered in an outpatient-based Japanese multicenter database (KiCS-AF) from September 2012 to December 2016 were analyzed. Self-reportedAF symptom burden was assessed via symptom and daily activities domains within the Atrial Fibrillation Effect on QualiTy-of-life (AFEQT) questionnaire. Physician symptom under-recognition (UR) was defined as no subjective complaints recorded in the medical records despite AFEQT score of <80; and physician's apparent over-recognition (OvR) was defined as documentation of subjective complaints despite total AFEQT score of ≥80. There was poor agreement between patient-reported and physicians-estimated symptom burden (kappa 0.28, 95% CI 0.23 to 0.33). In the logistic regression analysis, age> 75 (odds ratio [OR], 1.72; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.13–2.62), male sex (OR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.22–2.74), and persistent/permanent AF (OR 2.54/3.36; CI, 1.63–3.99/1.91–5.89, respectively) were predictors of UR. Conversely, heart failure (OR, 2.46; 95% CI, 1.44–4.25) and treatment in an ablation facility (OR, 1.43; 95% CI, 1.02–2.02) were associated with greater odds of OvR in addition to age, sex, and type of AF. Conclusions: Discordance in recognition of AF symptom burden by physicians was frequent in AF patients seen in outpatient management and involved both patient- and physician-related factors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine