Does computer-aided instruction improve children’s cognitive and noncognitive skills?

Hirotake Ito, Keiko Kasai, Hiromu Nishiuchi, Makiko Nakamuro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines the causal effects of computer-aided instruction (CAI) on children’s cognitive and noncognitive skills. We ran a clustered randomized controlled trial at five elementary schools with more than 1,600 students near Phnom Penh, Cambodia. After 3 months of intervention, we find that the average treatment effects on cognitive skills are positive and statistically significant, while hours of study were unchanged both at home and in the classroom. This indicates that CAI is successful in improving students’ learning productivity per hour. Furthermore, we find that CAI raises students’ subjective expectation to attend college in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-118
Number of pages21
JournalAsian Development Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Clustered randomized controlled trial
  • Computer-assisted instruction
  • Noncognitive skills

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development


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