Does international fragmentation occur in sectors other than machinery?

Fukunari Kimura, Kazunobu Hayakawa, Zheng Ji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


It is well established in the published literature that international fragmentation has dramatically developed in East Asia since the 1990s, particularly in machinery industries, including general machinery, electric machinery, transport equipment and precision machinery. However, how far has international fragmentation developed in sectors other than the machinery sector, such as textiles or chemicals? To answer this question, we empirically investigate whether features of international fragmentation appear in other sectors by examining intraregional trade in East Asia. The results indicate that, although some features of international fragmentation can be observed in some other sectors, particularly in the chemical sector, they are most distinctive in the general/electric machinery sector.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-358
Number of pages16
JournalAsian Economic Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • East Asia
  • Fragmentation
  • Gravity equation
  • International production/distribution networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development


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