Early second-trimester diagnosis of body stalk anomaly by fetal magnetic resonance imaging

Takayuki Higuchi, Hiroaki Sato, Miho Iida, Seon Hye Kim, Yoshiaki Narimatsu, Mamoru Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


We report a case of body stalk anomaly detected prenatally by fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 14 weeks' gestation. A 29-year-old woman was followed during her first pregnancy. At 11-12 weeks' gestation, our sonographic images showed multiple fetal deformities. An abdominal wall defect was suspected. The exteriorized abdominal contents and the lower limb appeared within the extraembryonic celom with an intact amniotic membrane. Fetal MRI at 14 weeks' gestation confirmed a large anterior wall defect with herniation of the liver and bowel. In addition, abnormally rotated lower limb and scoliosis could be demonstrated. The fetus was prenatally diagnosed with body stalk anomaly, expected to be lethal in nature. The parents decided to terminate the pregnancy at 15 weeks' gestation. Prenatal diagnosis of body stalk anomaly is usually based on sonographic findings. As far as we are aware, this is the first case report of body stalk anomaly satisfactorily diagnosed by fetal MRI in the early second trimester. Fetal MRI scans should provide ground for a precise antenatal diagnosis of body stalk anomaly from early gestation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-292
Number of pages4
JournalJapanese Journal of Radiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr


  • Body stalk anomaly
  • Fetal magnetic resonance imaging
  • Prenatal diagnosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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