Effect of Activation Regimens for Rat Oocytes on Full-term Development after Round Spermatid Injection

Megumi Kato, Ayako Ishikawa, Shinichi Hochi, Masumi Hirabayashi

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14 Citations (Scopus)


The present study was designed to compare the effect of two activation regimens for rat oocytes on full-term development after round spermatid injection (ROSI). Oocytes were treated either with 1.25 mM SrCl2 for 20 min or with two direct-current (DC) pulses at 100 V/mm for 99 μsec followed by exposure to 2 mM 6-dimethylaminopurine (6-DMAP) for 20 min. Single spermatids then were injected into the oocytes that were ready for polar body extrusion. The proportions of oocytes surviving injection and exhibiting pronuclear formation were comparable between the SrCl2 group (76.8% and 45.6%, respectively) and the DC+6-DMAP group (78.3% and 34.9%, respectively). More SrCl2-activated ROSI oocytes (44.2%) cleaved into the two-cell stage than did those activated with DC+6-DMAP (34.7%). However, the proportions of the two-cell embryos developing to morulae/blastocysts and live offspring were significantly (P = 0.0005 and 0.042) lower in the SrCl2 group (12.3 and 6.1%, respectively) than the DC+6-DMAP group (36.1 and 14.6%, respectively). Our results indicate DC+6-DMAP is better than SrCl2 for oocyte activation prior to successful ROSI of rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-15
Number of pages3
JournalContemporary Topics in Laboratory Animal Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Mar
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)


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