Effect of an end-of-life gerontological nursing education programme on the attitudes and knowledge of clinical nurses: A non-randomised controlled trial

Akemi Okumura-Hiroshige, Hiroki Fukahori, Sachiko Yoshioka, Midori Nishiyama, Kaori Takamichi, Miyoko Kuwata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Aims: To evaluate how a structured interactive two-day education programme for clinical nurses on end-of-life (EOL) care for older people affects nurses’ attitudes and knowledge. Design: Non-randomised controlled trial. Methods: Nurses were recruited separately for intervention and control groups. The intervention group assisted older patients with EOL care and recruited patients for the programme. To prevent sampling bias, control group nurses were recruited from a facility with numerous EOL care opportunities. The intervention was a two-day educational programme. Using valid and reliable scales, we evaluated the attitudes (total score range: 26–130) and knowledge (total score range: 0–51) of the intervention group four times (pretraining, post-training, 3 months, 6 months) and the control group three times (baseline, 3 months, 6 months) between January 2016 and April 2017. Analysis of covariance examined both groups’ score changes at 3 and 6 months while adjusting for confounding factors. Results: Participants were 338 nurses caring primarily for older people (intervention group: 164; control group: 174); 142 responded at all measurement points. The change in mean value of the attitude scale from baseline to 3 months (differences in the groups’ attitude scores = 7.33; 95% CI = 2.43–12.24; p =.004) and 6 months (differences in groups’ attitude scores = 5.77; 95% CI = 0.17–11.37; p =.044) was greater in the intervention group. Moreover, the mean knowledge scale score change from baseline to 3 months was greater in the intervention group (differences in groups’ knowledge scores = 5.74; 95% CI = 4.07 to 7.39; p <.001). There was no evidence of a change in this score between baseline and 6 months. Conclusion: The programme improved nurses’ medium- to long-term attitudes and knowledge. Thus, it may help nurses enhance the quality of care they provide. Implications for practice: A two-day educational program improves nurses’ medium- to long-term attitudes and knowledge on end-oflife care. For quality end-of-life care for older people, a structured and evidence-based educational program should be provided to nursing staff.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12309
JournalInternational Journal of Older People Nursing
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sept 1


  • education
  • end-of-life care
  • gerontology
  • nurses
  • palliative care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of an end-of-life gerontological nursing education programme on the attitudes and knowledge of clinical nurses: A non-randomised controlled trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this