Effect of body structure on skill formation in a force precision task mimicking cello bowing movement

N. Ogihara, N. Yamazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


To elucidate the skill formation mechanism in a complex force precision task mimicking cello bowing movements, three-dimensional joint orientations and changes in bowing force are measured for 2 novice and 2 expert subjects. A rigid link model of the human upper limb is constructed in order to calculate changes in joint moment, potential energy and structural inductivity of motion during bowing, and the motions are compared kinetically. Results show that the novices generate low-in-potential energy bowing motion, but not suitable for skillful control of the bow. In contrast, the experts can fulfill a task requirement by skillfully coordinating the musculo-skeletal system, but the motion is not easy as that of the novices. It is suggested that the transition from a novice to an expert may be difficult due to the ease in the initially generated motion, which obstructs the search for the optimal skillful motion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-78
Number of pages10
JournalJSME International Journal, Series C: Mechanical Systems, Machine Elements and Manufacturing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Bio-motion
  • Biomechanics
  • Cello
  • Human engineering
  • Inductivity of joint motion
  • Morphological constraints
  • Motion analysis
  • Skill acquisition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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