A factor in the dose-dependent pharmacokinetics of ethyl 4-(3,4- dimethoxyphenyl)-6,7-dimethoxy-2-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl-methyl)-quinoline-3- carboxylate (TAK-603) in rats was shown to be due to the inhibition of metabolic clearance of unchanged TAK-603 by its major metabolite, M-I, in other words, product inhibition. The effect of M-I on the metabolic clearance of TAK-603 was studied using rats continuously infused i,v. with this metabolite at rates of 5.3 and 16.0 mg/h/kg. The total body clearance of TAK- 603 was decreased remarkably in M-I-infused rats, and the decline of total body clearance depended on the steady-state plasma concentrations of M-I. The effect of M-I generated from the dosed parent drug on the plasma concentration-time profile of TAK-603 was investigated using bile-cannulated rats after i.v. injection of 14C-labeled TAK 603 at doses of 1 and 15 mg/kg. Elimination rates of TAK-603 from rat plasma increased in the bile- cannulated rats in which systemic M-I levels were reduced by interrupting its enterohepatic circulation. To express, simultaneously, the relationships between TAK-603 and M-I in plasma concentration-time profiles, a kinetic model based on the product inhibition was developed for the bile-cannulated rats. A good agreement between calculated curves and the observed concentrations of both TAK-603 and M-I was found at 1 and 15 mg/kg, and the calculated curves were drawn using constant parameters for the two dosages. These results show that the product inhibition by M-I is one factor responsible for the dose-dependent pharmacokinetics of TAK-603 in rats.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Drug Metabolism and Disposition|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 Apr 24|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science