Effectiveness and Cost-effectiveness of Online Brief Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy for the Improvement of Productivity in the Workplace: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial

Mitsuhiro Sado, Masashi Yamada, Akira Ninomiya, Maki Nagaoka, Naho Goto, Akihiro Koreki, Atsuo Nakagawa, Zindel Segal, Masaru Mimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Numerous studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) among both clinical and nonclinical populations. These data document positive impacts in the workplace, including reducing perceived stress and burnout and increasing well-being. However, the effectiveness for productivity, which is of most interest to managers and administrators, is still unclear. In addition, MBPs in the workplace tend to be modified by reducing the number of the program sessions or delivering content online to improve accessibility. To date, however, the impact of MBPs that feature these modifications on productivity in the workplace has not been investigated. Objective: The study aims to investigate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of online-delivered brief mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (bMBCT) for improving productivity and other work-related outcomes among healthy workers compared to the waitlist control. Methods: We will conduct a 4-week randomized controlled trial (RCT) with a 6-month follow-up. Employees are included in the study if they (1) are between the ages of 20 and 65 years and (2) work longer than 30 hours weekly. Employees are randomly allocated to either the bMBCT group or the waitlist control group. The primary outcome of the study is the mean difference of productivity measured by the World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire (WHO-HPQ) between the groups at 4, 16, and 28 weeks. Secondary outcomes include several clinical outcomes and health economics evaluation. Results: We started recruiting participants in August 2021, and the intervention began in October 2021. A total of 104 participants have been enrolled in the study as of October 2021. The intervention is scheduled to be completed in December 2023. Data collection will be completed by the end of January 2024. Conclusions: The novelty of the study is that (1) it will investigate bMBCT’s effectiveness on productivity, which is still unclear, and (2) samples are recruited from 3 companies in different industries. The limitations of the study are that (1) all measures assessed are in self-report format and (2) we lack an active control group. This study has the potential to provide new data on the relationship between MBPs and occupational health and productivity.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere36012
JournalJMIR Research Protocols
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun 1

Keywords

  • burnout
  • cognitive therapy
  • cost
  • cost-effectiveness
  • eHealth
  • employee
  • heath outcome
  • internet-based
  • mental health
  • mindfulness
  • mindfulness-based cognitive therapy
  • occupational health
  • online
  • productivity
  • randomized controlled trial
  • stress
  • work
  • workplace

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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