Introduction: Delayed methotrexate (MTX) clearance with the co-administration of piperacillin/tazobactam (PIPC/TAZ) has been reported. Penicillins have been associated with reduced MTX clearance but the evidence is limited. There are no cases described with cefepime but penicillins are listed as interacting with MTX. We aimed to reveal whether the co-administration of PIPC/TAZ or CFPM affects MTX clearance using data from an administrative database. Methods: We used data from the JMDC database, a large insurance claims database constructed in Japan. We included patients who were prescribed PIPC/TAZ or CFPM between days 1 and 3 in high-dose MTX (HD-MTX). We compared one co-administration episode (with PIPC/TAZ or CFPM) to one control episode (without), as a match-control study of two different episodes in the same patient. The primary outcomes were the duration and cumulative dose of leucovorin (LV) as a surrogate indicator of delayed MTX clearance. Results: Three patients who were co-administered PIPC/TAZ and 16 patients who were co-administered CFPM with HD-MTX were included. In the PIPC/TAZ group, the duration and the cumulative doses of LV were similar in co-administration and control episode (median 3.0 vs. 3.0 days and 288.0 vs. 219.0 mg). In the CFPM group, the duration and the cumulative doses of LV were not significantly different in co-administration and control episode (3.0 vs. 4.0 days and 169.5 vs. 258.0 mg). Conclusions: Our findings revealed that PIPC/TAZ did not necessarily cause a delay in MTX clearance during HD-MTX therapy. Moreover, the co-administration of CFPM with HD-MTX did not affect MTX clearance.
- drug interactions
- healthcare administrative claims
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)