Effects of respiratory interval on vagal modulation of heart rate

J. Hayano, S. Mukai, M. Sakakibara, A. Okada, K. Takata, T. Fujinami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

217 Citations (Scopus)


To determine whether paced breathing (PB) and respiratory interval of PB modify the relationship between spectral components of heart rate variability (HRV) and cardiac vagal tone, we studied seven healthy young males under the condition of β-adrenergic blockade by intravenous propranolol (0.2 mg/kg). Compared with spontaneous breathing, PB at the same respiratory interval as that of individual spontaneous breathing showed no significant effect on the amplitude of the high-frequency (HF) component or the mean R-R interval in either the supine or tilt position, whereas the PB decreased the amplitude of the low-frequency (LF; 0.04-0.15 Hz) component in both positions (P = 0.004 and 0.042, respectively). When the respiratory interval was increased from 3 to 6 s, the HF amplitude showed a progressive increase in both positions (P = 0.001 and 0.035, respectively), while the LF amplitude and mean R-R interval remained unchanged. These results indicate that the effects of PB and respiratory interval on the spectral components of HRV are not mediated by the changes in mean cardiac vagal tone and support the hypothesis that increased respiratory interval amplifies the respiratory-related vagal modulation of heart rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H33-H40
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number1 36-1
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • head-up tilt
  • heart rate variability
  • humans
  • power spectrum analysis
  • respiration
  • respiratory sinus arrhythmia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of respiratory interval on vagal modulation of heart rate'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this