Effects of sulfur dioxide on fractional exhaled nitric oxide concentration in the child residents of Miyakejima Island

Satoko Iwasawa, Tazuru Tsuboi, Makiko Nakano, Aya Hirata, Noriyuki Yoshioka, Satoko Suzuki, Shigeru Tanaka, Kazuyuki Omae

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1 Citation (Scopus)


The island of Miyakejima in Japan is subject to ongoing emissions of volcanic gases, including high concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2). Annual health checkups on the island, therefore, include the examination of respiratory system parameters. Here, we aimed to investigate the relationship between SO2 exposure and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) concentration among children who received health checkups from 2008 to 2014. The subjects were 83 and 31 second-year junior high school students aged 13-14 years who resided on Miyakejima island and an SO2-free reference island, respectively. SO2 concentration in the air was measured at 6 fixed-point monitoring stations. FeNO was examined according to the American Thoracic Society guideline and European Respiratory Society recommendations for standardized procedures. Average concentrations of SO2 on Miyakejima over a period of 3 months prior to each health checkup from 2008 to 2014 were 22.2, 20.6, 8.9, 10.5, 10.7, 4.4 and 8.0 ppb, respectively. Among the Miyakejima students, geometric mean (GM) FeNO concentrations measured at each health checkup from 2008 to 2014 were 28.2, 18.2, 23.6, 35.5, 36.9, 28.1, and 32.1 ppb. The GM FeNO concentration measured from all Miyakejima students across the study period was 28.3 ppb. No clear dose-response relationship was observed. The GM FeNO concentration among the students from the reference island was 27.7 ppb in 2017. No significant difference was observed between the two populations, even when the data was stratified by sex and sensitivity. There was no clear significant difference in GM of FeNO concentration between Miyakejima and control students, when the average concentration of SO2 over a period of 3 months was 22 ppb or less.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-149
Number of pages5
JournalAsian Journal of Atmospheric Environment
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 1


  • Fractional exhaled nitric oxide concentration
  • Junior high school students
  • Sulfur dioxide
  • Volcanic gas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • Atmospheric Science


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