Electrochemical Pinacol Coupling of Acetophenone Using Boron-Doped Diamond Electrode

Kenshin Nakahara, Keisuke Naba, Tsuyoshi Saitoh, Tomoya Sugai, Rika Obata, Shigeru Nishiyama, Yasuaki Einaga, Takashi Yamamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


An electrochemical pinacol coupling reaction of acetophenone using a boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrode has been reported. This transformation is driven by the one-electron reduction of acetophenone on the BDD cathode, followed by an intermolecular radical coupling. Owing to the BDD's outstanding electrochemical properties, the pinacol-type compound has been obtained in good conversion yield. The roles of a supporting electrolyte and solvent were addressed; (1) lithium ions contribute to increase in the reactivity of the radical intermediate. (2) Addition of water promotes the electron transfer process at the BDD surface. The reaction is relatively tolerant to para-substituted acetophenone derivatives. Since electric current is directly employed as reducing reagents to generate a radical intermediate, the reaction is metal-free, sustainable, and inherently safe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4153-4157
Number of pages5
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Aug 16


  • carbon-based electrode
  • controlled potential electrolysis
  • electrosynthesis
  • pinacol coupling
  • reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Electrochemistry


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