Elevated polyamines in saliva of pancreatic cancer

Yasutsugu Asai, Takao Itoi, Masahiro Sugimoto, Atsushi Sofuni, Takayoshi Tsuchiya, Reina Tanaka, Ryosuke Tonozuka, Mitsuyoshi Honjo, Shuntaro Mukai, Mitsuru Fujita, Kenjiro Yamamoto, Yukitoshi Matsunami, Takashi Kurosawa, Yuichi Nagakawa, Miku Kaneko, Sana Ota, Shigeyuki Kawachi, Motohide Shimazu, Tomoyoshi Soga, Masaru TomitaMakoto Sunamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)


Detection of pancreatic cancer (PC) at a resectable stage is still difficult because of the lack of accurate detection tests. The development of accurate biomarkers in low or non-invasive biofluids is essential to enable frequent tests, which would help increase the opportunity of PC detection in early stages. Polyamines have been reported as possible biomarkers in urine and saliva samples in various cancers. Here, we analyzed salivary metabolites, including polyamines, using capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry. Salivary samples were collected from patients with PC (n = 39), those with chronic pancreatitis (CP, n = 14), and controls (C, n = 26). Polyamines, such as spermine, N1-acetylspermidine, and N1-acetylspermine, showed a significant difference between patients with PC and those with C, and the combination of four metabolites including N1-acetylspermidine showed high accuracy in discriminating PC from the other two groups. These data show the potential of saliva as a source for tests screening for PC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number43
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 5


  • Metabolomics
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Polyamines
  • Saliva

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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