Eleven-year clinical outcome of schizophrenia in Bali

Toshiyuki Kurihara, M. Kato, R. Reverger, I. G.R. Tirta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To contrast the short-term and long-term outcome of schizophrenia in Bali. Method: The clinical outcomes of 46 schizophrenic patients (DSM-IV-TR) consecutively admitted to Bangli Mental Hospital were evaluated by Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and Eguma's Social Adjustment Scale (ESAS) at a 11-year follow-up, which was subsequent to a 5-year follow-up. Results: Neither the PANSS score nor the ESAS score were significantly different, and there was a significant correlation between the two follow-up data. Subjects categorized into either the best or worst outcome group at the 5-year follow-up tended to be classified into the same category at the 11-year follow-up more often than those who were categorized into the medium outcome groups at the 5-year follow-up. Conclusion: The 5-year outcome of schizophrenia strongly predicted the 11-year outcome, especially for subjects who had gone into either a remissive or severe deterioration state within 5 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-462
Number of pages7
JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec
Externally publishedYes


  • Developing countries
  • Follow-up studies
  • Outcome assessment
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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