Energy efficiency analysis in cache-enabled D2D-Aided heterogeneous cellular networks

Farzad H. Panahi, Fereidoun H. Panahi, Tomoaki Ohtsuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Small cells (SCs) offer a promising approach to meeting the exponentially growing data rate demands. However, dense deployment of SCs can degrade the energy-efficiency (EE) of the network due to the additional deployed base stations (BSs). Under heterogeneous network (HetNet) deployments, SCs can be dynamically switched off for energy saving when traffic load decreases. We do this by defining a load-dependent transmission power coefficient (TPC) for SC BSs. In addition, with Device-to-Device (D2D) communication, mobile users in proximity can establish a direct link and bypass the BSs, thereby offloading the network infrastructure and providing further improvement of EE. In this paper, the objective is to rely on both D2D communications and sleeping SC BSs to offload traffic from the mains powered macrocell BSs leading to energy saving in the network. Furthermore, in order to consider D2D requirements under the practical application scenarios, we assume a framework for wireless video sharing, where users can store popular video files and share files via D2D communication. To begin with, we derive the EE expression of the cache-enabled D2D-aided HetNet. Then, to maximize the EE of the cache-enabled D2D-aided HetNet, the optimal load-dependent TPC for SC BSs is obtained under constraints on both network's coverage and rate. Using simulations, we will investigate the potential effects of the TPC defined for SC BSs as well as the introduced D2D layer on the network EE.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8964361
Pages (from-to)19540-19554
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Device-to-device communication
  • energy and spectral efficiency
  • energy efficiency optimization
  • heterogeneous cellular network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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