Enforced expression of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase homolog alters PtdIns(4,5)P2 distribution and the localization of small G-proteins

Yanbo Yang, Miriam Park, Masashi Maekawa, Gregory D. Fairn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The generation of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2) by phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinases (PIP5Ks) is essential for many functions including control of the cytoskeleton, signal transduction, and endocytosis. Due to its presence in the plasma membrane and anionic charge, PtdIns(4,5)P2, together with phosphatidylserine, provide the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane with a negative surface charge. This negative charge helps to define the identity of the plasma membrane, as it serves to recruit or regulate a multitude of peripheral and membrane proteins that contain polybasic domains or patches. Here, we determine that the phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase homolog (PIPKH) alters the subcellular distribution of PtdIns(4,5)P2 by re-localizing the three PIP5Ks to endomembranes. We find a redistribution of the PIP5K family members to endomembrane structures upon PIPKH overexpression that is accompanied by accumulation of PtdIns(4,5)P2 and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3). PIP5Ks are targeted to membranes in part due to electrostatic interactions; however, the interaction between PIPKH and PIP5K is maintained following hydrolysis of PtdIns(4,5)P2. Expression of PIPKH did not impair bulk endocytosis as monitored by FM4-64 uptake but did result in clustering of FM4-64 positive endosomes. Finally, we demonstrate that accumulation of polyphosphoinositides increases the negative surface charge of endosomes and in turn, leads to relocalization of surface charge probes as well as the polycationic proteins K-Ras and Rac1.

Original languageEnglish
Article number14789
JournalScientific reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Enforced expression of phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase homolog alters PtdIns(4,5)P2 distribution and the localization of small G-proteins'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this