Carpropamid ((1RS,3SR)-2,2-dichloro-N-[(R)-1-(4-chlorophenyl)ethyl]-1- ethyl-3-methylcyclopropanecarboxamide) is a potent chemical against the rice blast fungus, Pyricularia oryzae. In 2001, isolates of the fungus with reduced sensitivity to this fungicide appeared in Saga Prefecture of Japan and were regarded as a potential threat to rice protection by carpropamid. The cause of the resistance has been identified genetically as a point mutation resulting in the Val75Met change in scytalone dehydratase, the primary target of the fungicide. We constructed an overexpression system of the variant enzyme and characterized the kinetics in the catalysis and the inhibition by carpropamid isomers. The variant enzyme retained a significant level of enzymatic activity. Inhibition of the variant enzyme by carpropamid was more than 200-fold reduced in comparison with that of the wild-type. Based on the results, here we propose possible mechanisms of the carpropamid-resistance of the variant enzyme in retaining the normal enzymatic activity.
- Enzymatic kinetics
- Melanin biosynthesis dehydratase inhibitor
- Rice blast fungus
- Scytalone dehydratase
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