Eosinophilic Reaction at the Time of Catheter Insertion Predicts Survival in Patients Initiating Peritoneal Dialysis

Kiyotaka Uchiyama, Naoki Washida, Ei Kusahana, Takashin Nakayama, Kohkichi Morimoto, Hiroshi Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: Despite excellent biocompatibility, insertion of silicone peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters can induce minor foreign body reaction, affecting long-term patient outcomes. We evaluated the effect of eosinophilic reaction associated with PD catheter insertion on outcomes of patients initiating PD. Methods: Eosinophilic reaction to PD catheter insertion was defined as the ratio of peripheral blood eosinophil count at 1 week after insertion (E1W) to pre-insertion eosinophil count (E0), and the association of E1W/E0 with technique survival, peritonitis-free survival, and heart failure (HF)-related hospitalization-free survival was analyzed. Results: This retrospective cohort study included 116 patients (89 male patients) who underwent PD catheter insertion between January 2008 and June 2018 (61.3 ± 12.9 years). The follow-up duration was 46.2 (23.8-75.3) months. E1W was significantly higher than E0 (median, 333 vs. 234/μL, p < 0.001), with a median E1W/E0 of 1.54. The log-rank test showed that technique survival, peritonitis-free survival, and HF-related hospitalization-free survival were significantly better in patients with E1W/E0 < 1.54 than in those with E1W/E0 ≥ 1.54 (p = 0.002, <0.001, and <0.001, respectively). By the Cox regression analysis adjusted for age, sex, the Charlson comorbidity index, the estimated glomerular filtration rate, and the geriatric nutritional risk index, E1W/E0 remained a significant risk factor for technique failure, peritonitis, and hospitalization for HF (hazard ratio (HR) 1.68, p = 0.01; HR 2.19, p < 0.001; HR 2.15, p < 0.001, respectively). Conclusion: Eosinophilic reaction at the time of PD catheter insertion is a novel marker that may predict outcomes in patients initiating PD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-364
Number of pages10
JournalBlood Purification
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr 1


  • Eosinophil
  • Heart failure
  • Hypersensitivity
  • Peritonitis
  • Technique survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Nephrology


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