Epidemiology of hypertension in children

Midori Awazu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


Hypertension (HTN) is a significant global health issue. It is the major risk factor for atherosclerosis leading to the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is increasing evidence that HTN has its antecedents during childhood and that atherosclerosis is already present in adolescents. Thus, early detection and intervention are crucial. HTN is also a risk factor for the progression to end-stage renal disease, a topic extremely relevant to pediatric nephrologists. While younger children are more likely to have secondary HTN, the prevalence of primary HTN is increasing among school children and adolescents due to an epidemic of obesity. To identify children with HTN, clinicians should know normative values of blood pressure (BP) as well as the definition of HTN. Prevalence of HTN, factors influencing BP, and sequelae of childhood HTN will also be reviewed in this chapter.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPediatric Nephrology, Seventh Edition
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages44
ISBN (Electronic)9783662435960
ISBN (Print)9783662435953
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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