Estimating the Net Utility Gains Among Donors and Recipients of Adult Living Donor Kidney Transplant

S. Hiragi, R. Goto, Y. Tanaka, Y. Matsuyama, A. Sawada, K. SakaI, H. Miyata, H. Tamura, M. Yanagita, T. Kuroda, O. Ogawa, T. Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: Living donor kidney transplant relieves the disease burden of patients with end-stage renal disease but may shorten donor life expectancy; however, their quality of life (QOL) is preserved. Nevertheless, the magnitude of the net gain of this procedure is unknown. We evaluated the QOL of both donors and recipients concurrently and calculated the net utility gain. Methods: We recruited 210 subjects who visited the kidney transplantation clinic of a university hospital. Subjects were asked to complete the 5-level EQ-5D-based questionnaire, and patient characteristics were extracted from their medical records. We performed multivariate tobit models analysis to evaluate the QOL change caused by transplant surgery and subsequently ran computational simulations to determine the net utility gains of donors and recipients. We also performed sensitivity analyses. Results: After excluding 16 answers with missing data, we analyzed 203 answers in total. After the transplant surgery, recipients gained 0.07 in utility value while donors lost 0.04. In the net utility analysis, we found that the quality-adjusted life years gained ranged from 7.2 to 7.8 in the most favorable case observed in the combination of middle-aged recipients and elderly donors. Assuming no utility discount, the most favorable combination was that with older donors and younger recipients. Conclusions: These findings indicated that the QOL improvement in recipients was larger than the loss among donors. When calculating the net utilities, a combination of middle-aged recipients and elderly donors yielded the largest net utility, but this was likely derived from assumption in the discount of QOL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)676-683
Number of pages8
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Apr

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation


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