Estimation of the periodontal inflamed surface area by simple oral examination

Yoshiaki Nomura, Toshiya Morozumi, Yukihiro Numabe, Yorimasa Ogata, Yohei Nakayama, Tsutomu Sugaya, Toshiaki Nakamura, Soh Sato, Shogo Takashiba, Satoshi Sekino, Nobuo Yoshinari, Nobuhiro Hanada, Naoyuki Sugano, Mitsuo Fukuda, Masato Minabe, Makoto Umeda, Koichi Tabeta, Keiso Takahashi, Kazuyuki Noguchi, Hiroaki KobayashiHideki Takai, Fusanori Nishimura, Fumihiko Suzuki, Erika Kakuta, Atsutoshi Yoshimura, Atsushi Saito, Taneaki Nakagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA) is a useful index for clinical and epidemiological assessments, since it can represent the inflammation status of patients in one contentious variable. However, calculation of the PISA is difficult, requiring six point probing depth measurements with or without bleeding on probing on 28 teeth, followed by data input in a calculation program. More simple methods are essential for screening periodontal disease or in epidemiological studies. In this study, we tried to establish a convenient partial examination method to estimate PISA. Cross-sectional data of 254 subjects who completed active periodontal therapy were analyzed. Teeth that represent the PISA value were selected by an item response theory approach. The maxillary second molar, first premolar, and lateral incisor and the mandibular second molar and lateral incisor were selected. The sum of the PISAs of these teeth was significantly correlated with the patient’s PISA (R2 = 0.938). More simply, the sum of the maximum values of probing pocket depth with bleeding for these teeth were also significantly correlated with the patient’s PISA (R2 = 0.6457). The simple model presented in this study may be useful to estimate PISA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number723
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 2


  • Health status indicators
  • Item response theory
  • Periodontal diseases
  • Periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA)
  • Periodontal pocket

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Estimation of the periodontal inflamed surface area by simple oral examination'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this