Evaluating smart grid renewable energy accommodation capability with uncertain generation using deep reinforcement learning

Yongnan Liu, Xin Guan, Jun Li, Di Sun, Tomoaki Ohtsuki, Mohammad Mehedi Hassan, Abdulhameed Alelaiwi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Due to environment-friendliness, renewable energy like solar power and wind power is more and more introduced to energy systems all over the world. Simultaneously, high penetrations of wind and solar generation also have brought severe curtailment of wind and solar. How to alleviate curtailment of wind and solar is a crucial problem in evaluating accommodation capability of renewable energy, which reflects the extent of utilization of renewable energy and economic benefits. The uncertainty of renewable energy brings challenges to precisely describe renewable generation, which leads to difficulty in designing effective mechanisms for accommodation capability of renewable energy. Existing work suffers from high computation overhead from frequently updated data, and low precision of describing renewable energy, which leads to less effective policies for renewable energy accommodation and underestimated accommodation capability. To make the most of renewable energy, an algorithm AccCap-DRL based on deep reinforcement learning is proposed. AccCap-DRL partitions a distribution into segments by time intervals, employs WGAN to describe distributions of renewable energy data, and employs DDPG to obtain approximate policies for renewable energy accommodation in different scenarios. Simulation results from real power generation and users’ demand data show high effectiveness of the proposed algorithm, and high efficiency of evaluating accommodation capability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647-657
Number of pages11
JournalFuture Generation Computer Systems
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sept


  • Accommodation capability
  • Deep reinforcement learning
  • Uncertain renewable energy description

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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