Evaluation of the Normal Tonsils in Pediatric Patients with Ultrasonography

Takahiro Hosokawa, Yoshitake Yamada, Yutaka Tanami, Shinya Hattori, Yumiko Sato, Mayumi Hosokawa, Eiji Oguma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: To evaluate how well the tonsils can be viewed, in addition to echogenicity, using ultrasound, and to compare these results between children younger and older than the age of 3. Methods: We evaluated the tonsils of 99 patients (72.0 ± 59.1 months) by ultrasound. Ultrasound scans of both the left and right side, in both the transverse and longitudinal planes, were obtained. Images were scored with one of four grades according to how well the tonsil border could be distinguished, 0 being the worst and 3 being the best. Grades 2 or 3 (>50% of the tonsil border was detectable) in both tonsils, in either the transverse or longitudinal image, were considered "evaluable." Echogenicity was designated as imperceptible, low echoic, or striated in appearance. Statistical analysis was performed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Results: Bilateral tonsils were evaluable in 96.0% (96/99) of cases. The mean grades were 2.44 ± 0.65/2.03 ± 0.68 in the right transverse/longitudinal images, and 2.40 ± 0.59/2.12 ± 0.73 in the left transverse/longitudinal images. The grades in children older than the age of 3 were significantly higher than those in younger patients (all P <.05). Echogenicity classification on the right and left side revealed a striated appearance in 97.0% (96/99) and 90.0% (89/99) of cases, respectively. Conclusions: The tonsils of almost all pediatric patients could be evaluated by ultrasound, particularly for patients older than 3 years. Additionally, a striated pattern of the tonsils was observed in most cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1029-1036
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May


  • obstructive sleep apnea
  • pediatric
  • sonography
  • tonsil
  • tonsillitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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