Evanescent wave-based particle tracking velocimetry for nanochannel flows

Yutaka Kazoe, Keizo Iseki, Kazuma Mawatari, Takehiko Kitamori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Understanding fluid flows in 10-1000 nm space, which we call extended nanospace, is important for novel nanofluidic devices in analytical chemistry. This study therefore developed a particle tracking velocimetry for measuring velocity distribution in nanochannel flows, by using the evanescent wave illumination. 64 nm fluorescent nanoparticles were used as flow tracer. The particle position was determined from fluorescent intensity by the evanescent wave field, with a spatial resolution smaller than light wavelengths. The time resolution of 260 μs was achieved to make error by the Brownian diffusion of the tracer small to be neglected. An image processing by multitime particle tracking was established to detect the tracer nanoparticles of weak fluorescent intensity. Though the measurement region was affected by nonuniform particle distribution with the electrostatic interactions, pressure-driven flows of water in a nanochannel of 50 μm width and 410 nm depth were successfully measured. The results of the velocity distribution in the depth-wise direction approximately showed agreement with the fluid dynamics with the bulk liquid properties from the macroscopic view, however, suggested slip velocities even in the hydrophilic channel. We suggest a possibility of appearance of molecular behavior in the fluid near the wall within 10 nm-order scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10780-10786
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 19
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry


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