Event-aware FRBR and FRAD models: Are they useful?

Shoichi Taniguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present functional requirements for bibliographic records (FRBR)-based model and functional requirements for authority data (FRAD)-based model; both of which incorporate an event concept that transforms FRBR and FRAD with minimal modification. Design/methodology/approach: Relationships between the entities defined in FRBR/FRAD are transformed into event entities and relationships with other kinds of entities. The cardinality of those relationships is also examined. In addition, a comparison of the proposed FRBR-based model with the object-oriented FRBR (FRBR<DN>OO</DN>) is conducted. Findings: In the proposed event-aware FRBR model, an event and its output resource are dependent on each other and necessary information about an event can be expressed with information about its output resource, and vice versa. Therefore, the usefulness and expressiveness of the proposed model is limited. In the FRBR<DN>OO</DN> model, dependency between an event and its output resource is not observed, except in a few cases, since a different resource and event modeling was adopted there. The event-aware FRAD model proposed is useful - but also the scope of its usefulness limited since dependency between an event and its input/output resource is not observed on some event entities. Originality/value: The proposed models are meaningful in terms of understanding the basic structure and features of a model that incorporates an event concept. The usefulness and limitation of event modeling have been clarified through such model building. The proposed models provide a stable basis for examining FRBR/FRAD further.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-472
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Documentation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May
Externally publishedYes


  • Authority data
  • Bibliographic records
  • Conceptual models
  • Event awareness
  • Functional requirements for authority data model
  • Functional requirements for bibliographic records model
  • Information management
  • Records management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Library and Information Sciences


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