Evolutionary perspectives on the internationalisation of R&D in Japanese multinational corporations

Kazuhiro Asakawa, D. Eleanor Westney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


This article revisits the long-accepted sequential model of internationalisation of value-added activities by shedding light on variations to established wisdom. Recent internationalisation of R&D by Japanese firms demonstrates both patterns that follow established models of internationalisation and anomalies. However, there have been few efforts to address more systematically the implication of such anomalies for the temporal analysis of R&D internationalisation. Building on a set of case studies of Japanese firms in the electronics and pharmaceutical industries, this article addresses these questions and draws theoretical implications for evolutionary perspectives on internationalisation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-141
Number of pages27
JournalAsian Business and Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Feb


  • Japanese firms
  • anomaly
  • established wisdom
  • evolutionary perspectives
  • internationalisation of RandD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Strategy and Management


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