Experimental investigation on friction drag reduction on an airfoil by passive blowing

Shiho Hirokawa, Kaoruko Eto, Koji Fukagata, Naoko Tokugawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Friction drag reduction effect of a passive blowing on a Clark-Y airfoil is investigated. Uniform blowing, conducted in a wall-normal direction on a relatively wide surface, is generally known as an active control method for reduction of turbulent skin friction drag. In the present study, uniform blowing is passively driven by the pressure difference on a wing surface between suction and blowing regions. The suction and the blowing regions are respectively set around the leading edge and the rear part of the upper surface of the Clark-Y airfoil in order to ensure a sufficient pressure difference for passive blowing. The Reynolds number based on the chord length is 0.65x106 and 1.55x106. The angle of attack is set to 0° and 6°. The mean streamwise velocity profiles on the blowing region and the downstream, measured by a traversed hot-wire anemometry, are observed to shift away from the wall by passive blowing. This behavior qualitatively suggests reduction of local skin friction on the wing surface. A quantitative assessment of the friction drag is performed using the law of the wall accounting for pressure gradients (Nickels, 2004), coupled with a modified Stevenson's law (Vigdorovich, 2016) to account for the weak blowing. From this assessment, the local friction drag reduction effect of passive blowing is estimated to reach 4%-23%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number0011
JournalJournal of Fluid Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Airfoil
  • Friction drag
  • Passive control
  • Uniform blowing
  • Wind-tunnel experiment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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