Exploring Assistance Methods for Communication between Pedestrians and Automated Vehicles: A Need-Driven Study in Japanese Depopulated Areas

Jieun Lee, Tatsuru Daimon, Satoshi Kitazaki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The introduction of driving automation as a mobility service has been expected to shape new types of road communication between vulnerable road users and automated vehicles. Given that road users' lack of knowledge about automated vehicles in depopulated rural areas, it is important to design conversative strategies leading effective pedestrian-automated vehicle communication. The current study investigates impacts of communication methods assisting pedestrian avoidance from an approaching automated driving golf cart from behind. Three communication methods (Baseline, text-based external human-machine interface, road marking) and two environments (narrow road, parking area) were simulated in virtual reality experiments. Results found that pedestrians found it useful and effective when the automated cart provided a text message via the external human-machine interface, with giving way to the automated cart. As the blue marking on the road indicated the driving route of the automated cart, the road marking also had a potential for leading pedestrians to move from the road. Empirical findings provide practical recommendations for the design of communication strategies leading pedestrian-automated vehicle interaction in depopulated areas.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2022 IEEE International Conference on Human-Machine Systems, ICHMS 2022
EditorsDavid Kaber, Antonio Guerrieri, Giancarlo Fortino, Andreas Nurnberger
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781665452380
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event3rd IEEE International Conference on Human-Machine Systems, ICHMS 2022 - Orlando, United States
Duration: 2022 Nov 172022 Nov 19

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2022 IEEE International Conference on Human-Machine Systems, ICHMS 2022

Conference

Conference3rd IEEE International Conference on Human-Machine Systems, ICHMS 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period22/11/1722/11/19

Keywords

  • Automated vehicles
  • Depopulated area
  • External human-machine interface
  • Road communication
  • Service mobility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Media Technology
  • Control and Optimization

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