Export of Recyclable Materials: Evidence from Japan

Toshihiro Okubo, Yuta Watabe, Kaori Furuyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we study the waste haven hypothesis, which predicts that waste materials will be exported from high-income developed countries with stringent environmental regulations to developing countries with less rigorous environmental protection. Using data on Japanese export of recyclable waste resources (plastic waste, waste paper, iron and steel scrap, and nonferrous metal scraps), we find evidence from our econometric analysis that Asian countries provide a waste haven for Japan. In particular, Japan exports waste materials to Asian countries with low per capita incomes and large markets. We suggest that environmental regulation should be tightened to reduce waste trade in Asia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-148
Number of pages15
JournalAsian Economic Papers
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Political Science and International Relations


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