In this paper, Y-branched circular core single-mode/few-mode polymer optical waveguides are designed and fabricated using the Mosquito method we have developed. They comprise a low loss multiplexing (MUX) device for mode division multiplexing. In the Mosquito method, since a liquid core monomer is dispensed into another liquid cladding monomer while the needle scans along the path of the wiring patterns, it was difficult to form in-plane core crossings and core branches. In this paper, to form single-mode/few-mode Y-branched cores, we apply a unicursal needle-scan path for the Y-branch structure with the Mosquito method. For MUX device applications, cores satisfying the single-mode condition are successfully formed on the two-port side while the one-port side has a few-mode core.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics