Fabrication of Gd-DOTA-functionalized carboxylated nanodiamonds for selective MR imaging (MRI) of the lymphatic system

Kosaku Yano, Tomohiro Matsumoto, Yutaka Okamoto, Naruki Kurokawa, Terumitsu Hasebe, Atsushi Hotta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents with the particle diameter of around 3-10 nm hold the potential to be selectively uptaken by lymphatic vessels and be filtered in the kidney for final excretion. However, there are no existing MRI contrast agents based on gadolinium (Gd) complexes within the size of this range, and thus the selective imaging of the lymphatic system has not yet been achieved. In our previous report, we succeeded in fabricating nano-scale MRI contrast agents by complexing ordinary contrast agents (Gd-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA)) with carboxylated nanodiamond (CND) particles to conquer this problem. However, DTPA has recently been reported to release Gd ions in the course of time, leading to the potential danger of severe side effects in the human body. In this study, we utilized cyclic-chained DOTA as an alternative chelating material for DTPA to fabricate CND-based MRI contrast agents for the selective lymphatic imaging. The newly fabricated contrast agents possessed the diameter ranging from 3 to 10 nm in distilled water and serum, indicating that these particles can be selectively uptaken by lymphatic vessels and effectively filtered in the kidney. Furthermore, the DOTA-applied CND contrast agents exhibited stronger MRI visibility in water and serum compared to DTPA-applied CND contrast agents. These results indicate that DOTA-applied CND contrast agents are promising materials for the selective MR imaging of lymphatic systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number235102
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun 4


  • diamond
  • lymphatic system
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • nano particles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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