Fertility Transition: East Asia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Japan, Korea, and Taiwan experienced rapid transitions from high to the replacement level of fertility in the earlier postwar decades, followed by further declines to well below-replacement levels of childbearing in the recent decades. While the earlier fertility transitions were due mainly to reduction of marital fertility through contraception and induced abortion, the more recent transitions to very low levels were due largely to decreasing marriage among young women. The declining marriage and fertility were associated with increases in educational attainment and paid employment among women at peak reproductive ages in the context of rapid economic transformations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 26


  • Contraception
  • East Asia
  • Economic change
  • Educational attainment
  • Fertility transition
  • Induced abortion
  • Japan
  • Korea (the Republic of Korea)
  • Marital fertility
  • Marriage
  • Population aging
  • Population decline
  • Taiwan (the Republic of China)
  • Total fertility rate (TFR)
  • Women's employment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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