We calculate the superconducting transition temperatures (Tc) in sulfur hydrides H2S and H3S from first principles using the density functional theory for superconductors. At pressures of 150 GPa, the high values of Tc (≥130 K) observed in a recent experiment (A. P. Drozdov, M. I. Eremets, and I. A. Troyan, arXiv:1412.0460) are accurately reproduced by assuming that H2S decomposes into R3m H3S and S. For higher pressures, the calculated Tc's for Im3¯m H3S are systematically higher than those for R3m H3S and the experimentally observed maximum value (190 K), which suggests the possibility of another higher-Tc phase. We also quantify the isotope effect from first principles and demonstrate that the isotope effect coefficient can be larger than the conventional value (0.5) when multiple structural phases energetically compete.
|Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
|Published - 2015 Jun 30
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics