Fishery resource management in Chilika lagoon: A study on coastal conservation in the Eastern Coast of India

Shimpei Iwasaki, Rajib Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


A significant proportion of the fishing population comprises small-scale fishermen and many studies illustrate that these people are exploited by middlemen in the process of fish marketing combined with money lending. The negative dependency gives rise to poverty and triggers indiscriminate fish catch that threatens fishery resources depletion. This article explores the root causes of failures in resource-led development from the viewpoint of coastal resource conservation. The study presents a case study of Chilika lagoon, India and focuses on the interaction between small-scale fishermen and middlemen. The findings reveal that most of the small-scale fishermen have been exploited by specific middlemen and the underlying causes of the present fish marketing structure stem from (i) indebtedness and (ii) the unstable situation because of perpetual conflicts over fishery resources among the fishers across Chilika lagoon. Based on these observations, this article presents some recommendations on fishery resource conservation from the perspective of a fish marketing structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-52
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Coastal Conservation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Chilika lagoon
  • Coastal conservation
  • Exploitation
  • Fish marketing
  • Indebtedness
  • Resource-led conflict

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation


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