Flood in a changing climate: The impact on livelihood and how the rural poor cope in Bangladesh

Gulsan Ara Parvin, Annya Chanda Shimi, Rajib Shaw, Chaitee Biswas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


It is already documented that climate change will lead to an intensification of the global water cycle with a consequent increase in flood hazards. Bangladesh is also facing an increasing trend of flood disasters. Among the various risks and disasters in Bangladesh, flood is the most common and frequent. Floods make people vulnerable, as they take away their livelihoods at the first instance and leave them with little resources to overcome from the situation. Because of floods, rural poor communities face job loss, and two-thirds of their income is reduced, which limits their capabilities of preparedness, response, and recovery to subsequent floods. People cope with the situation by bearing substantial debts and a loss of productive assets. With an empirical field study in one of the most flood-prone upazilas (sub-districts) of Bangladesh, namely Goalanda Upazilla of the Rajbari district, this study intends to draw a "flood impact tree" of the study area. It also examines the impacts of flood on the livelihood of the rural poor and explores their coping strategies. This paper aims to facilitate an understanding of the impact of floods on their livelihood, especially on the income and occupations of the rural poor. At the same time, it aims to learn from their coping mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number60
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Climate change
  • Flood impact tree
  • Livelihood
  • Rural poor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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