Flow instability and disk vibration of shrouded corotating disk system

S. Kanagai, J. Suzuki, S. Obi, S. Masuda

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11 Citations (Scopus)


This paper focuses on the interaction between the flow unsteadiness and disk vibration of shrouded corotating disk system to identify the nature of the flow-induced vibration of disks in the wide range of rotation speed below critical. Special attention is paid to the role of the vortical flow structure on the disk vibration and vice versa. The water test rig for optical measurement and the air test rig for hot-wire and vibration measurements are employed, both being axisymmetric models of 3.5 in. hard disk drive. Before investigating fluid-solid interaction, the velocity and vorticity fields between disks are examined by employing a particle image velocimetry, in order to check the flow within our own apparatus to have the same characteristics as those commonly accepted. In the course of this preliminary experiment, it is found that "vortical structures" reported in the previous papers based on the flow visualization are actually "vortices" in the sense that it exhibits closed streamlines with concentrated vorticity at its center when seen from an observer rotating with the structure itself. The measurements of out-of-plane displacement of the disk employing different disk materials reveal that disk vibration begins to occur even in low subcritical speed range, and amplitude of nonrepeatable run out (NRRO) can be uniquely correlated by using the ratio between the rotating speed and the critical speed. The power spectral densities of disk vibration showed that the disk vibrates as a free vibration triggered by, but not forced by, the flow unsteadiness even in the high subcritical speed range. The disk vibration has negligible effect on the vortical flow structure suggesting the soundness of the rigid disk assumption employed in the existing CFD. However, RRO has significant influence on the flow unsteadiness even if the disks are carefully manufactured and assembled. Since the RRO is unavoidable in the real disk system, the flat disk assumption should be considered more carefully.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1306-1313
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Oct


  • Flow induced vibration
  • Flow instability
  • Hard disk drive
  • Rotating disk
  • Vortical structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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